The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, Verily, the mountain of Uhud loves us and we love it.
If you accept this sahih hadith, how are you going to reject any hadith that conflicts with modern science and other modern -isms on the basis of an “unscientific” matn?
In any case, what does it mean for a mountain to love? The Prophet ﷺ is indicating to us a reality that is not otherwise apparent but is no less real. This is a reality that is so far from the typical contemporary materialistic understanding of the world that it just leaves one in a state of existential shock and makes one realize how ignorant of reality one really is.
Now what would atheists or naturalists think of this hadith? Would they say that this is just another example of pantheism or animism found in some cultures?
Well, the Prophet ﷺ is not telling Muslims that Uhud is divine or worthy of worship. The religion of the pre-Islamic Arabs did not involve mountain worship. The pagan Arabs did believe that there were gods and jinn that lived in the mountains, but they were not animists in thinking that the mountains themselves were living, conscious beings.
So then how would a materialist make sense of this statement? He might say that the Prophet ﷺ was a crazy person, but that thesis is implausible for many reasons. For example, crazy people don’t succeed in overthrowing entire polities, reshaping entire social structures, becoming heads of state, and leading successful military conquests.
Point being, all the typical academic, psychosocial, historiographical methods used to explain away religious phenomenon in other cultures are not compelling in the case of examples like this and of Islam in general.
Why is that?
Believers know, but disbelievers will remain obstinate except for those whom Allah guides.