The Man Who Claimed to Be Allah: Origins of the Nation of Islam

Take a look at this:

‘‘In the name of Allah, who came in the person of Master Fard Muhammad, to whom praise is due forever. We thank him for his coming, and we thank him for raising up among us his messenger, Messiah, the Honorable Elijah Muhammad. I am his student, and I am honored beyond words to stand before you today.’’ – Louis Farrakhan (February 26, 2010 – Saviour’s Day Speech)[1]

Did I just read THAT?

Yes, you did, and you read it again with the reference to make sure that it came from someone highly questionable. The person whose teachings Farrakhan claims to spread desired that his movement and its background remain intertwined between fact and myth. By being fed one lie at a time, a person in great desperation is pulled slowly but surely into one’s hand.

This summarizes the movement and methodology of the Nation of Islam.

One night a year after the start of the Great Depression, an out‐of‐work sharecropper’s son named Elijah Poole turned up for a secret meeting in a musty basement in Detroit. He had gone to hear an ex‐convict itinerant silk merchant turned prophet, who went under the name W. D. Fard. Fard, who was also known as F. M. Ali, Professor Ford, Mr. Wall Farrad, and Wal‐ lie Ford, had appeared in the Detroit streets earlier in the vear.

Telling strange tales of Africa and Allah and the evil ways of the blue‐eyed white man, he had attracted a few followers from the disadvantaged Negro community. They became known as the Temple of Islam.

As Elijah Poole tells the story of that night in 1930, he recognized instantly that Fard was “the second return of the son as prophesied.” He became Fard’s lieutenant in the burgeoning movement.

In 1934 W. D. Fard disappeared and has not been heard of since. Yesterday, Elijah Poole, now 67 years old and known as Elijah Muhammad, the Messenger of the Temple of Islam, was greeted by a roaring crowd of 6,500 at the 369th Regiment Armory in Harlem.[2]

Poole, the false prophet, had the following background:

Elijah Poole was born in Sandersville, Ga., on Oct. 7, 1897. His father, Wali Poole, was a Baptist preacher who scratched out a living for his 13 children by farming a white man’s land. At the age of 16, having completed the fourth grade, he left home and took a succession of temporary jobs.

At 22 he married the former Clara Evans, and in 1923 they moved with their two children to Detroit. He was bitter when he left Georgia, and his bitterness grew as jobs became scarce in the North. “I saw enough of the white man’s brutality in Georgia to last me for 26,000 years,” he once said. His meeting with W. D. Fard was a fateful one. Fard, he said, “took me out of the gutters in the streets of Detroit and taught me knowledge of Islam.”

With Fard’s disappearance in 1934 Elijah Muhammad assumed leadership of the movement, which by then had grown to 8,000. His succession was disputed by others in Detroit and he moved the organization to Chicago, where the Temples of Islam multiplied.[3]

The doctrines of the Nation of Islam are totally different from those of true Muslims. Elijah Poole firmly believed that W D Fard was Allah in person and that he was the Messenger of Allah.[4] This is shirk, i.e., polytheism, according to authentic Islamic teaching.

The Nation of Islam venerates Elijah Poole, later known as Elijah Muhammad, by interpreting passages of the Noble Qur’an that speak about Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to refer to Elijah Muhammad!

In fact, Elijah Poole frequently asserted his own superiority over Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and had on one occasion declared that Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was Caucasian, and thus a White Devil.[5]

Disrespect of Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is one of the most abominable crimes in Islam. Hence, the views of Elijah Poole are nothing short of blasphemy and heresy.

The silk peddlers, it turns out, have much more to sell. Peddling disbelief amongst the ignorant. For this reason, it is essential to study, learn and educate yourself on Islam from true and genuine sources.


  1. Saviours’ Day: A Timeline and Brief History, The Final Call, 24, February. [The Nation of Islam and the Muslim World: Theologically Divorced and Politically United Jason Eric Fishman and Ana Belen Soage]
  3. Ibid
  5. Ansari, Z. I. (1981). Aspects of Black Muslim Theology, Studia Islamica, 53, pp. 137–76. [The Nation of Islam and the Muslim World: Theologically Divorced and Politically United Jason Eric Fishman and Ana Belen Soage]


MuslimSkeptic Needs Your Support!
Notify of

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments