Unique Measures in Islam that Block the Road to Polytheism

Islām is the perfect and final religion revealed by Allāh Ta’ālā to mankind:

This day: I have perfected for you your religion! And I have completed my grace upon you! And I am well-pleased for you with Islām as your religion! (Sūrat al-Mā’idah, verse 3)

Islam has come to abolish, override and eclipse every other religion and system:

Indeed, the [only true] religion with Allāh [that He has revealed to all the Prophets] is Islām [⁠—a willing submission to Allāh alone]. (Sūrah Āl ‘Imrān, verse 19)

RELATED: The Meaning of ‘Perfection of Religion’ in the Quran

One of the most fundamental flaws of humanity is its persistent proclivity of falling into various forms of polytheism (Shirk).

Hereunder, we shall detail a number of the distinctive laws within Islām which firmly close the doors and avenues leading towards polytheism.

  1. Islām has made prostration (sajdah) a special sign of worship. It has prohibited prostration for anyone or anything besides Allāh Ta’ālā.
  2. Islām has forbidden asking one’s needs from anyone or anything besides Allāh Ta’ālā. One cannot desire cure from others; have hope that other beings will fulfil one’s hopes and aspirations; or take the name of other beings to seek goodness and blessings.
  3. Islām strictly forbids saying or believing that any being or thing is the son or daughter of Allāh Ta’ālā.
  4. Islām forbids the taking of scholars, pious personalities, worshippers or ascetics as some sort of divine being or deity. This means that it is forbidden to believe that any person can make something ḥalāl or ḥarām. The scholars that explain the texts of the Noble Qur’ān and Sunnah in this regard only detail the commands of Allāh Ta’ālā⁠—they do not themselves permit or forbid things based on their personal judgement.
  5. Islām forbids slaughtering animals in the name of any being other than Allāh Ta’ālā regardless of whether this is done for the sake of acquiring closeness to that being or if it is just simply taking the name of some other being besides Allāh Ta’ālā when slaughtering an animal.
  6. To set an animal (like a goat, cow, etc.) free in the name of an idol or pious man is absolutely forbidden in Islām.
  7. It is forbidden to believe that there will be loss and harm that will happen to a person if they take a false oath in the name of some person or being.
  8. It is forbidden to undertake a pilgrimage to the tombs of people and to feel that staying there is a means of acquiring closeness to Allāh Ta’ālā.
  9. It is forbidden to name children with names such as ‘Abdul-‘Uzza (slave of ‘Uzza), ‘Abdush-Shams (slave of the sun), etc.
  10. It is forbidden to refer to one’s teacher or mentor with words like “Rabb.”

May Allāh Ta’ālā save us all from every form of polytheism, and keep us steadfast upon Islām until our last breath. Āmīn.

RELATED: Not All Polytheism Is the Same: Categorizing the Types of Polytheism and Their Deities

Notes

Source: Tafsīr Hidāyat-ul-Qur’ān, Muftī Sa’īd Aḥmad Pālanpūrī raḥimahullāh, vol.4 pp.226-227, Maktabah Ghaznawi, Karachi, 2019

Follow Mufti Abdullah on Twitter: @MuftiAMoolla

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